Yoshinori Ohsumi wins Nobel Prize for research on autophagy
Thursday, October 6, 2016
71-year-old Yoshinori Ohsumi studied mechanisms of autophagy — a process in whicheat parts of themselves and recycle the cell components.
This phenomenon was observed in the 1960s with the discovery of Belgian scientist was subsequently honoured with the 1974 Nobel Prize in the same category. Ohsumi conducted a series of experiments with in the 1990s and identified fifteen genes needed for autophagy., which contain enzymes to digest cell content. For that discovery,
Ohsumi applied the same mechanism to understand the process in humans. Autophagy is an important phenomenon whose failure through gene mutation may be involved in type 2, , and neurological disorders such as .
The committee said Ohsumi's discoveries have helped to understand "the fundamental importance of autophagy in manyprocesses, such as in the adaptation to starvation or response to infection."
In remarks to Japanese broadcasting company ((zh))Chinese language: (大隅良典)先生的研究成果给世界上苦于癌症及帕金森病等顽症的人们带来了希望,作为日本人感到非常自豪。., Ohsumi said he was honoured to be recognised by the Nobel committee. Japanese Prime Minister congratulated Ohsumi and said "The results of [Mr. Osumi's] studies have brought hope to people in the world suffering from intractable diseases like cancer and Parkinson's disease, and the Japanese people can feel very proud"
Ohsumi's research also earned him a 2015 Canada Gairdner International Award in March 2015. Ohsumi is to receive 8 million
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- "Abe congratulates scientist Ohsumi for winning Nobel medicine prize" — , October 4, 2016
- Alastair Wanklyn. "Japanese microbiologist Yoshinori Ohsumi wins Nobel in medicine for autophagy research" — , October 3, 2016
- "The 2016 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine - Press Release" — , October 3, 2016