Canada 2019 general election produces Liberal minority government

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

On Monday, Canada held a general election to select the members of the House of Commons for the 43rd Canadian Parliament. The Liberal Party, which previously controlled a majority of the House of Commons, lost a net of 20 seats, according to preliminary reports, resulting in a minority government.

Trudeau in Lima, Peru in 2018
Image: Presidencia de la República Mexicana.

In early September, Julie Payette, the Governor General of Canada, dissolved the 42nd Canadian Parliament, triggering the elections. She did so at the request of Justin Trudeau, then the Prime Minister.

2019 Canadian Election results1
Party Seats Change2
Liberal Party of Canada 157 Loss 20
Conservative Party of Canada 121 Loss 26
Bloc Québécois 32 Loss 22
New Democratic Party 24 Loss 15
Green Party of Canada 3 Loss 1
Others3 1 Loss 9

1. Unofficial results
2. Relative to seats at dissolution
3. At dissolution, there was one MP of the People's Party of Canada, one MP
of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, and 8 independent MPs

Trudeau heads the Liberal Party. Liberals, which had secured an absolute majority of seats in the House of Commons in the 2015 election, lost that majority. Instead, they secured a plurality of seats, but a minority.

The House of Commons includes 338 seats, each with a Member of Parliament, or MP. For a party to fully control the House of Commons, it needs an outright majority of 170 MPs.