Prospective Nobel Prize for Higgs boson work disputed
Thursday, August 12, 2010
Amid recent rumors and news on the progress to find the Higgs boson, a dispute has arisen as to who should get credit for the discovery and the resulting.
Six people, across three different teams, are credited with this discovery:and of the ; of ; and at , of the , and at .
Three papers written in 1964 explained what is now known as the "Englert-Brout-Higgs-Guralnik-Hagen-Kibble mechanism" (orand for short). The mechanism is the key element of the electroweak theory that forms part of the of particle physics. The papers that introduce this mechanism were published in in 1964 and were each recognized as milestone papers by PRL’s 50th anniversary celebration.
"There are six people who developed the mechanism in quick succession and who hold a legitimate claim to credit for it," says particle physicistat the , UK. Because the can award Nobel prizes to no more than three people, this puts six men aiming for half as many Nobel medals, should the particle be found. The Nobel committee can award the prize to groups and associations.
Fermilab'sand the at are searching for a particle that will constitute evidence for this significant discovery. Recent progress has given a new urgency not only to the race to find the particle, but also to establishing authorship of the ideas behind it. As , a particle physicist based at CERN, acknowledges: "Let's face it, a is at stake."
The issue over credit and authorship was highlighted late July in France when the American and British team of, , and were omitted from the conference overview web site. Several groups threatened to boycott and raised the issue in discussions of the theory behind the on-going search for the particle. One of the meeting's organizers, Gregorio Bernardi at the Laboratory of Nuclear and High Energy Physics in Paris, admits that the committee was surprised by the strength of objections leveled at the web advertisement and the committee. "People took this very seriously, which we didn't expect," he says.
Physicist Tom Ferbel said the snub by the French conference organizers was "insulting" and "chilling", noting that theawarded the 2010 to all six physicists for this theory. "I do fear," he said, "that the myopic views of the organizers could definitely impact the decisions of the ."
The conference organizers acknowledged that their choice was controversial by inviting a special talk on the tangled history of the mechanism, providing a forum for disgruntled conference participants to debate the matter. However, although the meeting ultimately ran smoothly, it seems likely that arguments over this issue will become more heated now that the Higgs particle is perceived to be within reach. Asstates, "I'm just glad that I'm not on the Nobel committee deciding who to throw out of the lifeboat."
- "APS 2010 Sakurai Prize winners" — , November 20, 2009
- J. Zinn-Justin. "From QED to the Higgs Mechanism: A Short Review" — , July 29-31, 2010
- T.W.B. Kibble. "Englert-Brout-Higgs-Guralnik-Hagen-Kibble Mechanism History" — , January 9, 2009
- G.S. Guralnik. "The History of the Guralnik, Hagen and Kibble development of the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge Particles" — , July 20, 2009
- F. Englert and R. Brout. "Broken Symmetry and the Mass of Gauge Vector Mesons" — , August 31, 1964
- P. Higgs. "Broken Symmetries and the Masses of Gauge Bosons" — , October 19, 1964
- G. S. Guralnik, C.R. Hagen, and T.W.B. Kibble. "Global Conservation Laws and Massless Particles" — , November 16, 1964
- American Physical Society. "Sakurai Prize Events" — , February 14-15, 2010
- Steven Weinberg. "Higgs, Dark matter and Supersymmetry: What the Large Hadron Collider will tell us" — , October 2009
- Ian Sample. "Massive - The Hunt for the God Particle" — , February 8, 2010