Party supporting Scottish independence from UK wins elections
Friday, May 4, 2007
In the third Scottish election since the opening of the Scottish Parliament in 1999, the left of centre SNP beat the ruling Labour Party by a single seat. It won 47 seats, while Labour won 46, down from the current 50.
It is the first time since the parliament opened that Labour has been beaten, and the first time in fifty years that they have not had a majority of Scottish constituency seats in any election.
SNP leader Alex Salmond declared: "Scotland has changed for good and forever." He added that the Labour Party had "lost the moral authority to govern Scotland."
The current First Minister of Scotland, Jack McConnell of Labour said: "While I recognise that the SNP are the largest party by the narrowest of margins, Alex Salmond must himself recognise that he does not have a majority in the Scottish Parliament or anywhere near a majority of the vote."
The election also raises a serious dilemma for the Labour party's Gordon Brown, a Scotsman widely tipped to succeed Tony Blair as the next prime minister of the United Kingdom. Brown is vehement in his support of the Union, and is a Westminster (London parliament) MP for Kirkcaldy. An SNP government in Scotland will find itself facing the very Labour party it beat in power in London.
Turnout was up 2% on the last Scottish election.
The election was highly controversial, not least for having three separate systems, running in tandem -
- A constituency vote, which was "first past the post", and for a candidate.
- A regional list vote, which was additional member system, and was for a party.
- A local authority (council) vote, which was Single Transferable Vote, and in which parties could field more than one candidate in a ward.
The three systems, along with difficulties with electronic counting meant that maybe as many as one hundred thousand ballot papers were "spoiled". In addition, there was also huge problems with the postal vote.
Due to the extensive computer problems, votes had to be cancelled early on Friday morning, and postponed to later in the day.
Many other problems beset the election, with a helicopter from the Western Isles constituency being held up by fog, and a boat carrying ballot papers from the Isle of Arran, breaking down in the Firth of Clyde.
In addition to the SNP and Labour, the other parties results' were as follows -
- Conservative and Unionist - 17 members.
- Liberal Democrats - 16 members.
- Scottish Greens - 2 members.
- Independent - 1 (Margo MacDonald, formerly of the SNP)
In order to establish a majority in the Scottish Parliament, the SNP must form a coalition with one or more of these parties. The Liberal Democrats, who were in coalition with the Labour party in the first two terms of the Scottish parliament, are a possibility.
Other parties that campaigned for seats in Holyrood included the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP), the British National Party (BNP), the Scottish Unionist Party, the Scottish Socialist Labour Party, the Christian Peoples Alliance and the Scottish Christian Party.
Gains and losses
The Liberal Democrats gained seats in Dunfermline West, but their losses mean the number of seats they hold is unchanged.
Wales and England
While the Scottish election was going on, the Welsh were also having their election for the Welsh Assembly. Plaid Cymru gained a seat from Labour at Llanelli. The Conservatives had their best showing since the Assembly began.
The final results show that the membership for the new assembly will be:-
Labour 26 -4 Plaid Cymru 15 +3 Conservatives 12 +1 Liberal Democrats 6 - Independent 1 -
In England, the elections were more minor, dealing only with local authorities. However they can be an important indicator of how battleground seats might go in the General Election, expected in 2-3 years time. The Conservatives made the greatest gains, but did not make the breakthrough in Northern England that they would have hoped. The Liberal Democrats did not make the advances that they had hoped, and stayed at more or less the same level. Elsewhere, Cornish regionalists Mebyon Kernow gained an extra seat bringing their total to seven, and the Eurosceptic United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) and Liberal Party (not to be confused with the Liberal Democrats) gained seats in several areas of England.
- Agence France-Presse. "Scots take bold step to independence" — , May 5, 2007
- "Scottish nationalists win vote" — , May 4, 2007
- "SNP pips Labour in Holyrood vote" — , May 4, 2007
- Bill Jacobs. "Holyrood balance tips Brown into a tight spot" — , May 5, 2007
- Iain MacWhirter. "Next year, the SNP take Holyrood … and Gordon Brown goes crackers" — , May 6, 2007