Lancet cancer study a hoax
Friday, January 20, 2006
In Norway, the Oslo and Akershus County Medical Officer has announced that it is launching an inquiry into a possible scientific hoax, involving cancer researchers from Norway, the and .
In October 2005, the Norwegian researcheralong with 13 co-authors published the study in the prestigious medical journal . The study claimed to detect a positive effect of in preventing oral cancer in smokers, based on a controlled case-study, entailing several hundred patients. On the basis of this study, a broader prospective multicenter study was to be started in 2006, partly funded by the U.S. .
On January 17th 2006 however,in , Norway announced that there were strong suggestions that the whole study was a hoax. The patient material presented appeared to be invented, and thus the whole study seems to be fraudulent.
The Radium Hospital in Oslo has hired an autonomous investigative committee to look into the matter, led by the SwedishAnders Ekbom from the , Stockholm. The editor of the Lancet, , said that this was the worst research fraud he has dealt with in his time at The Lancet.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the risk of oral cancer: a nested case-control study. - the allegedly hoaxed article (abstract)
- Expression of concern: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the risk of oral cancer - editorial notice in (in English, requires free registration)
- Cancer study patients 'made up' - BBC
- Research scam makes waves - news article in Norwegian daily (in English)
- Research scandal will be investigated - news article in Norwegian daily (in English)